At any given time, the International Criminal Court prosecutor is exploring the possibility of bringing prosecutions against individuals in situations around the world.

ICC cases mostly focus on those most responsible for committing grave crimes such as high government officials, military leaders, or rebel commanders.

Learn more about how the ICC works

Investigations - Ongoing

Country

Georgia

In January 2016, the ICC opened an investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity allegedly committed by all parties to the August 2008 South Ossetia conflict, including Georgia, Russia and South Ossetian separatist rebels.
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Mali

In July 2012, Mali referred the situation in its territory to the ICC in response to an armed conflict in the north between government forces and various rebel groups. The ICC preliminary examination led the ICC to formally open an investigation.
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Côte d'Ivoire

Following post-election violence in 2010-11, an ICC investigation was opened in the situation of Côte d'Ivoire. Its former President and Minister of youth are defendants in an ongoing ICC trial in The Hague.
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Burundi

Burundi is an ICC state member, having ratified the Rome Statue in 2004. Violence following the President's decision to run for a third term in 2015 is currently the subject of an ICC preliminary examination in the country.
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Kenya

After the 2007 elections in Kenya, widespread violence ensued, resulting in over 1000 dead, 600,000 displaced and hundreds sexually assaulted. In March 2010, the ICC started its investigation into alleged crimes committed during the post-election period.
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Sudan

Although Sudan is not a party to the Rome Statute, Darfur fell under ICC jurisdiction in March 2005 after the UN Security Council referred the situation to the ICC prosecutor. The investigation has led to five ICC cases and heightened tensions.
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Libya

The situation in Libya was referred to the ICC by the UN Security Council in February 2011, in the wake of alleged crimes against humanity after the 2011 popular demonstrations. ICC cases include Saif Gaddafi and Abdullah al-Senussi.
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Central African Republic (I and II)

The Central African Republic has experienced several periods of armed conflict. The ICC has opened two investigations into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity, focusing on crimes committed from 2002 to 2003 and crimes committed since 2012. 
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Uganda

In 2004, Uganda invited the ICC to investigate an ongoing decades-long conflict between the Lord's Resistance Army and the government. In 2005, the ICC issued arrest warrants for five senior LRA members. One of them, Ongwen, is currently on trial.
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Democratic Republic of Congo

The conflict in the DRC is one of the world's deadliest since World War II. The ICC's first ever investigation opened in 2004 and has focused on the leaders of several armed militia and rebel groups suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Preliminary examination - ongoing

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Afghanistan

In 2017, the ICC prosecutor requested to open an investigation into alleged crimes by Afghan and foreign government forces and anti-government forces, after 1 May 2003. A decision is pending. Afghanistan is an ICC member state.
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Gabon

Gabon ratified the Rome Statute in 2000. On 29 September 2016, following a referral by the government of Gabon, the ICC announced a preliminary examination into alleged crimes after May 2016, related to the contested 2016 presidential elections
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Nigeria

In November 2010, the ICC prosecutor announced the opening of a preliminary examination into a situation of armed conflict, largely between Nigerian security forces and the terrorist group Boko Haram.
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Colombia

The ICC prosecutor opened a preliminary examination in 2004 to assess whether to formally investigate alleged crimes against humanity and war crimes by government, rebel, and paramilitary forces, taking into account the progress of peace talks in Colombia
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Iraq

Iraq is not an ICC state member, bus is currently subject to a preliminary examinations to allegations of detainee abuse by U.K. troops. Since Iraq’s independence in 1932, the country has experienced numerous conflicts and periods of civil war.
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Guinea

Guinea is a signatory to the Rome Statute and deposited its instruments of ratification on 14 July 2003. In 2009, the ICC prosecutor opened a preliminary examination into political violence that occurred in Guinea in 2009.
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Palestine

In January 2015, Palestine acceded to the Rome Statute and gave the ICC prosecutor jurisdiction over alleged crimes committed in the context of the Israel-Palestine conflict, in Gaza and East Jerusalem
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Ukraine

With Ukraine’s declarations in 2014 and 2015, the ICC prosecutor gained limited jurisdiction to open a preliminary examination into alleged RS crimes in the context of civilian demonstrations from Nov 2013 to Feb 2014 and other events from Feb 2014 onward

Trial

Case

Jean-Pierre Bemba et. al. (Bemba II)

Jean-Pierre Bemba and four associates are charged with committing offenses against the administration of justice under article 70 of the Rome Statute during the Bemba I trial in 2013. The trial opened in September 2015.
Case

Laurent Gbagbo and Charles Blé Goudé

Former Côte d’Ivoire president Laurent Gbagbo and youth leader Charles Blé Goudé are charged with crimes against humanity in the wake of 2010 presidential election. Their joint ICC trial opened in January 2016.
Case

Dominic Ongwen

Charged with 70 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Northern Uganda, the ICC trial of the alleged former Lord's Resistance Army commander opens on 6 December 2016. First LRA suspect before the ICC.
Case

Bosco Ntaganda

Congolese militia leader Bosco Ntaganda is charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity, allegedly committed in Ituri, DRC. His trial opened September 2015.

Pre-Trial

Case

Mahmoud Mustafa Busayf Al-Werfalli

Mr Al-Werfalli is wanted by the ICC for murder as a war crime in the context of the conflict in Libya. The suspect is reportedly in the custody of the Libyan National Army (LNA).
Case

Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled

Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled (“Mr. Al-Tuhamy”), who is wanted for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Libya, remains at large.
Case

Abdel Raheem Muhammad Hussein

Former Sudanese interior minister and a special presidential representative in Darfur, Abdel Hussein is wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity during a counter-insurgency against rebel groups in Darfur in in 2003-04.
Case

Omar al-Bashir

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has been wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur, Sudan since 2009. He is the first sitting head-of-state to be issued with an ICC arrest warrant.
Case

Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain

Commander of the Justice and Equality Movement rebel group in Darfur. Initially cooperative, Banda is now wanted by the ICC for war crimes during attacks on an African Union peacekeeping mission in 2007.
Case

Ahmad Harun and Ali Kushayb

Ahmad Harun, a current Sudanese governor and former minister, and Ali Kushayb, alleged leader of the government-aligned Janjaweed militia, are wanted by the ICC for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, Sudan.
Case

Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

As de facto prime minister under the regime of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif Gaddafi is wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity following the outbreak of popular demonstrations in Libya in February 2011. He remains in detention in Libya.
Case

Simone Gbagbo

Former First Lady of Côte d’Ivoire, serving a 20 year prison sentence for undermining state security. Côte d’Ivoire remains obliged to surrender her to The Hague to face charges of crimes against humanity between 2010 and 2011.

Reparations

Case

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi

Islamist rebel Ahmad al-Mahdi pled guilty at the ICC to intentionally directing attacks against historical monuments and buildings dedicated to religion in the UNESCO-protected city of Timbuktu, northern Mali. Sentenced to nine years' imprisonment
Case

Germain Katanga

Congolese rebel leader Germain Katanga was convicted by the ICC in March 2014 of war crimes and crimes against humanity during an attack against Bogoro village in Ituri in eastern DRC. Sentenced to 12 year imprisonment.
Case

Jean-Pierre Bemba (Bemba I)

Former Congolese vice-president and militia leader Jean-Pierre Bemba was convicted by the ICC in 2016 for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Central African Republic. Sentenced to 18 years’ imprisonment. Reparations pending.
Case

Thomas Lubanga Dyilo

In the first ICC trial, DRC rebel Thomas Lubanga was convicted in March 2012 of the war crimes of enlisting and conscripting children under 15 and using them in hostilities. Confirmed upon appeal. Sentenced to 14 years imprisonment. Reparations pending.

Concluded

Case

Bahar Idriss Abu Garda

Commander of the Justice and Equality Movement rebel group, Abu Garda was charged by ICC with the war crimes attacking African Union peacekeepers in Darfur. Charges not confirmed due to a lack of evidence.
Case

William Ruto and Joshua Sang

The ICC trial of Kenyan politician William Ruto and radio broadcaster Joshua Sang ended in 2016 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. They were charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.
Case

Abdullah al-Senussi

Abdullah al-Senussi, director of military intelligence in the Gaddafi regime, was charged by the ICC with crimes against humanity in 2011. ICC extradition halted after Libya challenged admissibility of the case. Sentenced to death by a Libyan court 2015.
Case

Callixte Mbarushimana

Suspected of crimes against humanity and war crimes, alleged executive secretary of the FLDR rebel group Callixte Mbarushimana was released from ICC custody in December 2011 after Pre-Trial Chamber I declined to confirm charges
Case

Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui

Alleged Congolese militia leader Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui was acquitted at the ICC of crimes against humanity and war crimes in December 2012. He was subsequently deported to the DRC.
Case

Uhuru Kenyatta

The ICC trial of Kenyan politician Uhuru Kenyatta ended in 2015 due to a lack of evidence and alleged witness-tampering. He was charged with crimes against humanity during Kenyan post-election violence in 2007-8.