Chile signed on September 11, 1998 and ratified the Statute more than 10 years after, on June 29, 2009. On May 20, 2009 the Chilean Senate approved the constitutional reform recognizing the jurisdiction of the Court. This reform was necessaty in accordance to the judgment issued by the Chilean Constitutional Court in 2002. Chile joined the APIC on September 26, 2011 but has not signed a BAI.

On April 11, 2009, the Chilean Congress approved a law establishing the crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity (Law 20357). Currently, a draft law on cooperation with the ICC is being prepared and discussed in parliament.